Last week the 25th ‘Jornadas de Psicología’ (Psychology days) took place at the University of the Balearic Islands organized by the Students Representatives from the Psychology Degree. During this past week psychology students (mainly, but the inscriptions were open to everybody), could join the conferences talking about different areas in which psychology is present. Our … Continue reading "Talking about Bullying at the 25th ‘Jornadas de Psicología’ (Psychology days) at the University of the Balearic Islands"
On January 27th, Eva Aguilar, Pep Pérez and Mario Varela, I+DEL members joined forces with CREIX in order to create a workshop addressed to professionals (especially teachers). We were offering the participants an opportunity to learn about the adequate tools and strategies for detecting and intervening throughout the different areas affected by Specific Language Impairment. … Continue reading "Workshop: speech therapy, psychological treatment and educational approach for SLI"
It is known that executive control is divided into three separable processes or components: update of contents in memory, change or alternation and inhibition of irrelevant information. However, executive control in older people has been less explored and the structure of the three components or executive functions of Miyake et al. (2000) has not been … Continue reading "A latent variable approach to executive control in healthy aging"
The study was carried out with the objective of exploring the joint influence of age and cognitive control on the behavioral and electrophysiological indicators connected to the change of task in different sample types. Thus, the sample was divided into two groups of people of middle age (49-60 years) and older (61-80 years), according to … Continue reading "Age and cognitive control preservation modulate the neuronal markers of task switching"
The study focused on bilingual aphasia and, specifically, in the case of JZ. The case of JZ refers to a bilingual person (Basque-Spanish) of 53 years who, after a hematoma in the basal ganglia of the left hemisphere, presented executive deficits and aphasia, characterized by damaged processing of the mother language or L1, the Basque. … Continue reading "Dominant language deterioration after selective damage in left-hemispheric basal ganglia"
Bilingualism has been associated with a successful cognitive aging. Thus, research has shown how bilingualism provides cognitive advantages. Among these cognitive advantages, we can find an improvement in the control of interference (aspect related to a better selective attention) and a delay in the appearance of signs of dementia. However, there is no firm confirmation … Continue reading "Interference control in elderly bilinguals: appearances can be misleading"
The bilingual advantage in tasks of interference control at the visual space level has been studied with the Simon task, among others. Based on the results of several existing studies, the literature on bilingual advantage has given rise to several contradictions. A work and a previous investigation carried out by our team showed an equivalent … Continue reading "The bilingual brain is more efficient at the response level when dealing with interference"
Specific Language Impairment (SLI), also called Developmental Language Disorder (DLD), consists of an alteration or delay in the receptive and/or expressive development of oral language. It affects both the acquisition and development of this since its beginning, manifesting significant difficulties and cognitive, communicative and social consequences. In addition, SLI is manifested without the presence of … Continue reading "Specific Language Impairment (SLI) or Developmental Language Disorder (DLD)"
This study explores the publication trends in relation to the well-known advantage of bilingualism in the last 10 years. The bilingual advantage refers to the results where it is found that bilingual people have better abilities than monolingual people. Thus, with the use of different bibliometric indexes, it was seen that, until 2013, the works … Continue reading "Is bilingualism losing its advantage? A bibliometric approach"
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have an alteration or a delay in the development of oral language and, thus, show linguistic difficulties. Nevertheless, SLI shows up without cognitive and auditory deficits, neurological damage or socio-emotional deprivation. Notwithstanding, previous studies have shown that children with SLI show some cognitive and literacy problems. In this way, … Continue reading "Preschool processing skills provide reading results in bilingual Spanish-Catalan children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI)"
This study evaluated the reading abilities between 8 and 12 years in bilingual Catalan-Spanish children with Specific Language Impairment. The difficulties of oral language of these children at preschool age can affect the subsequent acquisition of reading. The results showed that, in effect, these children had problems of decoding and reading comprehension at 8 years, … Continue reading "Reading competences in young adolescents with Specific Language Impairment (SLI): The role of early semantic capacity"
The study describes the development of various linguistic processing abilities in bilingual children with SLI between 6 and 12 years old. The results found that, at all ages, children with SLI had difficulties in repetition of sentences, in phonological fluency (production and correct expression of sounds and words) and phonological awareness without visual signs (awareness … Continue reading "Longitudinal trajectories of representation and access to phonological information in bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI)"
Children with SLI tend to present a deficit in oral comprehension. In that way, the study intends to investigate the influence of oral comprehension on reading comprehension in children of 7 and 8 years in Catalan-Spanish bilingual with SLI. At the age of 7-8 years, children with SLI had similar results to their age peers … Continue reading "Oral morphosyntactic competence as a predictor of reading comprehension in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI)"
The study analysed the quality of the messages that children with Specific Language Disorder expressed in a referential communication task. In referential communication tasks, children had to describe the positioning of various objects of an image to an adult who doesn’t see them. Children of 8 years with SLI produced lower correct messages than other … Continue reading "Referential communication in bilingual Catalan-Spanish children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI)"